What is the Hubble Asteroid Hunter Project
The Hubble Asteroid Hunter project was launched in June 2019 based on the citizen science portal Zooniverse.
As part of it, everyone could study archival images of the Hubble telescope cameras for 31 years of observations, which were selected in such a way that the observation epoch and the size of the sky area for these images could be compared with the calculated orbits of asteroids and predict the appearance of their tracks on the images.
The goal of the project was both to search for dim asteroids and update statistics on similar bodies in the solar system, and to train neural networks that will automatically analyze images from telescopes in the future.
How many Hubble images did they study?
A team of astronomers led by Sandor Kruk of the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics published the results of the project, which is the first large-scale study of the Hubble archive to search for small bodies in the solar system.
They focused on 37,000+ images taken between April 2002 and March 2021 using Hubble’s ACS and WFC3 cameras. As a result, the scientists were able to assemble a database for training an automatic image classifier.
How many new asteroids did they discover in the Hubble images?
A total of 1,701 asteroid tracks were detected in the images, of which 1,031 objects were not found in the database of the Minor Planet Center. Of the asteroids found, 95 percent are from the Main Belt and only 5 percent are from the Hungarian family or near-Earth asteroids.
The magnitudes of the observed bodies were in the range of 18–25, while previously unknown bodies were, on average, 1.6 magnitudes fainter compared to known objects.
96 percent of the asteroids found are distributed near the plane of the ecliptic (within 30 degrees from it), and the rest of the objects have orbits with a high inclination. The calculated average density for asteroids with brightness less than 24.5 magnitude is 80 asteroids per square degree near the ecliptic plane and decreases to one 1 asteroid per square degree for high ecliptic latitudes.
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• Carter, J. (2022, May 9). 11,400 ‘citizen scientists’ help discover 1,031 new asteroids after search of old Hubble images. Forbes.
• ESA Hubble. (n.d.). Global citizen science project finds over 1700 asteroid trails in Hubble images.
• Kooser, A. (2022, May 6). Volunteers team with AI to discover over 1,000 unidentified asteroids in archival Hubble Images. CNET.
• Kruk, S., Martín, P. G., & Popescu, M. (n.d.). Identifying asteroid trails in Hubble Space Telescope images.
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